The course addresses the key principles of European Union constitutional law. This implies on the one hand questions of allocation of powers, both in their “vertical” dimension (between the European Union and its Member States) and in their “horizontal” dimension (between the instituitons of the Union). The course will also develop certain key subjects of substantive European Union law in their constitutional dimension (economic constituitonalism, citizenship, human rights, etc.).

In order to offer an analysis of these principles and their significance, the course will engage with two kinds of materials. On the one hand, these principles are analyzed thanks to concrete examples from the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union and of certain national courts (eg the German constitutional court). On the other hand, the course will offers a theoretical framework allowing the interpretation of these jurisprudential developments. Students will also be confronted with multiple theoretical perspectives on these jurisprudential developments and their significance.

The course thereby also offers a general reflexion on the nature of the European Union, its strengths and its weaknesses.

As prerequisites, the course requires general prior knowledge of European Union law and its sources, and a reasonable command of written and spoken English.